Topics Discussed at Commonwealth Forestry Conference 2017

India has hosted 19th Commonwealth Forestry Conference under the auspices of the Government of India, Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change and the Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education, Dehradun from 3rd April to 7th April 2017. More than 700 participants from many Commonwealth countries including India attended the XIX CFC. The conference chose the theme “Forests for Prosperity and Posterity” and aimed to especially deliberate on emerging new perspectives in view of magnified global expectations from the world’s forests towards addressing the sustainable development goals.

The CFC Conference invited six Sub-themes,

  • Biodiversity conservation and management
  • Livelihood and economic security from forests
  • Diversification, multiple use and sustainable harvest
  • Good governance in forestry
  • Forests and climate change
  • Forest and Water

These six topics were covered in 19 technical sessions spread over the five-day conference. The broad recommendations that emerged from various sessions, events and wide-ranging deliberations were:

1) Redefine forest management priorities:

Considering the magnified expectations from forests, commonwealth nations need to adopt a vision of multiple values and integrated use, reassess the current status of forests as well as public perceptions of forests and forestry.

2) Revisit forest policy, law, and forest planning strategy for preparation of forest plans:

Consider and adopt new science-based approaches to forest planning for evolving the new perspective. Forest working or management plans must consider the cumulative effects of actions at a landscape scale and:

Reintroduce the strong population viability clause within wildlife management,

Adopt adaptive management based on effective monitoring, and

Develop an administrative code of ethics that will avoid political inference and preserve the integrity of scientific research and monitoring efforts.

3) Maintain wilderness and protected areas:

Wilderness and protected areas provide a unique opportunity due to their size, relatively untrammelled state, and because they possess the relatively viable population of wildlife and have the capacity to sustain important ecosystem services and serves as breeding grounds for numerous rare and threatened species.

4) Protection of forests and ecological restoration of degraded forests

Widely distributed, smaller and fragmented patches of managed forests often face enormous challenges of degradation.

Ecological restoration of such degraded forests, which have been functioning as sink habitats.

Crucial corridors and connectivity amongst source and sink forests need to be prioritized.

Enhanced forest investments towards afforestation and restoration of functional corridors are required as a priority.

5) Investment for stakeholder engagement, community participation, coordination, and consensus building for integrated approach

Forest conservations and sound stewardship depend on integrated, landscape-scale perspectives to drive appropriate policy. The management of forest and other public lands can no longer proceed in a piecemeal manner with different states, communities, agencies acting independently, limiting their focus to particular resources or jurisdictional boundaries. It will require:

  • Coordination among different sectors and mechanisms for governance,
  • Strong linkage between forestry and agriculture, and other priority production sectors,
  • Search for and development of innovative financial investment mechanisms for the forestry sector including ‘public-private partnerships’.

6) Capacity Building:

  • The evolving perspective of forest management requires:
  • Long-term and experimental research;
  • Greater awareness and resolute support for capacity building through rigorous trans-disciplinary approaches;
  • Effective monitoring;
  • The empowerment of women working in the sector;
  • Adequate and up-to-date training of all concerned.

Keep Visiting us for more updates on CFC 2017.

Top 10 Countries in Cotton Production

Cotton is the most important fibres for the world to make clothes and variety of textile products. Cotton is not only used as fabric but also consume as food. The cotton plant makes up cotton lint which is the fabric like material. The cotton plant produces a fruit known as ‘cotton bolls’ which are used as the food.

Top 10 Countries in Cotton Production

Cotton-ProductionCotton measured in ‘Bales’. India extends farming from 50,000 hectares in 2002 to 8.4 million hectares in 2009. The total area of cultivation is about 9.6 million hectares that are about 35 % of the world cotton area.

1) India

India has a huge Cotton Industry from over 3000 years that’s why it is recognized as the birthplace of cotton industry. India is famous for Finest and Beautiful cotton fabrics. India has gained the first place in cotton production and cotton cultivated area. The country produces around 33 million bales cotton per year.

2) China

China is the world leader in Cotton Production after India. Due to the largest populated country, more farmers are engaged in the agriculture industry. Chine is the largest consumer and importer of cotton. Chine produces about 27 million bales Cotton every year.

3) United States of America

USA is the largest country which uses modern ways of production and cultivation in hundreds of hectares. Farmers of America are cultivating almost all the crops in the modern view with the machinery so that they can produce more cotton with less cost along with other crops. USA also imports cottons from other countries. The Production of cotton by USA is about 18 million bales per year.

4) Pakistan

In the list of largest cotton producing countries, Pakistan stands for the 4th number in the world. It is also one of the largest consumers and exporters of cotton. The Production done by small farmers, over more than 1.4 million small farmers are depending on cotton as their regular income. They every year cultivate over 3 million hectares of land. Pakistan produces about 10.3 million bales of cotton per year.

5) Brazil

Apart from cotton only, Brazil is the huge exporter of almost every Agriculture Products. Cotton is one of the largest cultivating Crops in the Country. It produces over 9.3 million bales cotton per year.

6)  Australia

Australia stands at 6th number in the list of world’s largest cotton producing countries. The farmers of Australia are the world’s first to see the bioengineering in agriculture industry. The farmers uses modern technology to cultivate the Cotton. The Production is about 4.2 million bales of cotton per year.

7) Uzbekistan

Uzbekistan is the third largest exporter of cotton and seventh largest producer in the world. Europe is the major buyer for Uzbekistan. They generally produce organically. The cotton production is about 4.6 million bales per year.

8) Turkey

Due to better infrastructure, local improvement and thousands of textile firms, Turkey has developed a large cotton industry. The country exports quality cottons and cotton products all over the world. It produces about 2.8 million bales of cotton per year.

9) Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan is producing around 1.6 million bales of cotton every year. Cotton is one of the main income sources for Turkmenistan. Due to improvement of cotton cultivation, the cotton industry is well developed.

10) Burkina Faso

Almost 80% of the Burkina Faso working citizens are involved in the agriculture industry. 70% of the Cotton and Gold productions are export by Burkina Faso. The farmers have stopped using modified seeds to increase the quality of cotton fibres.

These are the list of top 10 cotton production countries. For more updates on this, keep visiting us.

Top 9 Different Types of Cotton Around The World

Cotton clothes are adorned by everyone and one of the most popular fabrics in the world. Clothes made from cotton are light and soft, comfortable, and a perfect choice to beat the heat and warmth, in the summer.

Different Types of Cotton

Types of CottonCotton is a staple fiber grows in the form of a ball around the seeds of the cotton plant. It is quite ironic to know that despite loved by everyone and the most famous fabric in the world, the different varieties of cotton are still not commonly known. Check out the different types and varieties of cotton that are produced all around the globe.

1) Asiatic Cotton

India, China and other Eastern regions produce this kind of cotton. It has coarse fibers and much fitted to make coarse clothes, blankets, filters, padding materials, etc.

2) Egyptian Cotton

Egyptian cotton is very fine cotton having long and thinner fibers. Egyptian cotton is vastly used to make cushion covers, bed sheets, curtains, etc. The cotton comes in light brown color and popular for strong yarns.

3) Canton Cotton

Canton cotton is generally used to make winter clothes such as sweaters, blankets and other heavy nature clothing. Canton Cotton is soft, strong, and difficult to pull apart. Canton cotton is the most popular cotton to make suitable clothing.

4) Sea Island Cotton

Sea Island cotton is one of the expensive cotton fabrics because it takes a lot of efforts and cost for its growth and processing. It is one of the finest cotton among all of the cotton. It can be mixed with silk.

5) American Upland Cotton

American Upland cotton is less expensive cotton and is one of the most used cotton as well. This cotton has an extremely versatile nature hence it is used for making several other fabrics. It is used to make expensive denims and shirts.

6) Organic Cotton

Organic cotton is usually harder than the normal cotton. It is usually not available in retail shops. The fabrics made from Organic cotton are not easily available. Organic cotton is free from any chemicals and pesticides that are used in the production of other cottons to increase the growth. The clothes made out of this organic cotton never release the harmful chemicals to the environment as the other materials are used to.

7) Pima Cotton

Pima cotton has smooth and long fibers hence it is in the category of Extra Long Staple (ELS) types of cotton. In terms of quality, it is soft, strong, having durable material similar to Egyptian cotton. These qualities make it one of the most popular cotton types to be used for clothing, bed sheets, cushions and towels.

8) French Terry Cotton

French Terry cotton type is much heavier cotton than normal cotton twill. However, it is little lighter than Canton cotton. It is a soft cotton type with a short nap.

9) Bamboo Cotton

Bamboo cotton is half organic and very soft cotton material.  To manufacture the fabrics and clothes, manufacturers use crushed bamboo mixture along with the organic cotton. Like Organic cotton, Bamboo cotton is a chemical free material and all-natural like Organic cotton. It is the best choice for skin and the environment.

These are the different types of Cotton in the world. Do check out the agenda of Commonwealth Forestry Conference 2017.

How Can we Save Forests in India? – Some Expert’s Tips

Commercial felling of trees is one for the main reasons of deforestation. According to a report, more than 1,600 million cubic metres of wood have been used for different purposes in the world. But they are cutting them on a very large scale so that the revival cannot be possible.

The adverse consequences of this have resulted in various environmental issues that are now coming into existence like Global warming, Pollution etc. So there is the immediate need for forest conservation. Following are some steps in this regards:

#1 Reforestation and Afforestation

The sustained concept dictates that whenever timber is removed, the denuded area must be reforested. Any forested land, which has been destroyed by fire or mining activities, should be reforested. Fresh afforestation programmes should be started. Selection of trees should be done according to local geographical conditions while afforestation and care must be taken during the initial growth of the trees.

#2 Regulated and Planned Cutting of Trees

One of the main reasons for deforestation is commercial felling of trees. According to the reports, more than 1,600 million cubic metres of wood has been used for various purposes in the world. Although trees are considered as a perennial resource, when exploited on a very large scale, their revival cannot be possible.

Therefore, cutting should be regulated by adopting methods like:

(i) Clear cutting,

(ii) Selective cutting, and

(iii) Shelter wood cutting.

#3 Protection of Forests

The existing forests should be protected. There are several forest diseases resulting from parasitic fungi, mistletoes, rusts, viruses and nematodes which cause the destruction of trees. The forests should be protected either by use of chemical spray, antibiotics or by the development of disease-resistant strains of trees.

#4 Control over Forest Fire

Trees are highly exposed to fire and so that destruction or loss of forest by fire is very common. In the US, fires consumed an average of 21.5 million acres of timber every year. Some of the techniques for fire suppression are to develop three-four metre wide fire lanes around the periphery of the fire, back fires, fire retardant chemicals, the arrangement of water spray, should be sprayed from the back tank or helicopters. There must be trained staff of fire fighters to control the fire.

#5 Proper Utilisation of Forest and their products

Trees are cut for branches, logs, limbs, stump and foliage, etc., is left out as worthless debris. Further waste occurs at the saw mills. There is thus need to utilise this waste material. Today, several uses have been developed and products like waterproof glues, boar etc., can be obtained.

We can develop Forests as tourist centres to earn foreign exchange. This practice should be adopted by both developed and developing countries.

#6 Check Forest Clearance for Agricultural and Habitation Purposes

Most of the present-day agricultural land was once forested and then cleared for the use of agriculture. There are tribal areas in many parts of Africa, Asia and South America, where shifting cultivation is a part of land procurement.

According to an estimate, about 40 million sq km of land is used for this purpose by 200 million tribal’s of the world. Forest lands have been cleared for the development of villages, cities and towns.

How to Choose Best Egyptian Cotton Sheet? [Guide]

After a long and hectic day, you need to relax on your bed, right? What if you notice wrinkles, piles and rough texture on your bed sheet that gives you an awful feel? The good sheets prepare you for the next day in the best way and are a pinnacle of the luxury sleep.

According to the science, men spend around 1/3rd of his life in his bed. Don’t you think that you must choose the best product for bed for a good fortune on the sheets, mattresses, cushions, covers and bedding?

Egyptian cotton sheets are made of handpicked cotton and are one of the finest sheets known for its comfort and luxury. The well-appointed homes and hotels always prefer to dress their beds in these sheets all around the world. The Egyptian cotton is long stapled cotton or long-fibered cotton also known as ELS but it does not refer to the cotton grown in Egypt. This fabric lasts for decades and gets softer with time. Egyptian cotton sheets are known as the most durable and strongest sheets.

Warm summers are the perfect environment for growing the high quality cotton plants. Egyptian cotton fibres are long and durable therefore be woven into finer fabrics. There is no requirement of thread counts while waving this fibre. The various finishes of this fibre give a crisp or a silky smooth feel with the finest clean finish.

The higher the thread count, the finer the thread and weave. Lower thread counts have a coarser weave, thicker threads, and therefore more durability. A count of about 400 is ideal for daily-wear and hard-wearing that gives a luxury touch. Egyptian cotton is a natural fibre that gives the proper breathability and coolness to ensure a night of restful sleep.

Basic Varieties of Egyptian Cotton Sheets

Egyptian sheets have five basic varieties.

  • Standard Egyptian Cotton Sheet: It has basic cotton weaves.
  • Percale Egyptian Cotton Sheet: It is known for a crisp finish.
  • Sateen Egyptian Cotton Sheet: It is the softest and silky.
  • Pinpoint Egyptian Cotton Sheet: This cotton sheet is less soft but more durable.
  • Twill Egyptian Cotton Sheet: It has the distant pattern and resists wrinkle.

How to Choose the Perfect Egyptian cotton Sheet?

  • It is advisable to check the thread count before buying the sheet. The thread count means threads remaining in per meter square of fabric. The quality of Egyptian cotton sheets does not depend on the thread count. High thread count has heavier and superior quality fabric sheet that gives much comfortable and luxurious sleeping experience.
  • The fabric should be breathable and porous.
  • There should be no blending of the fabric i.e. it should be made of 100% cotton.
  • The good thread count is in between 412-700 for the best Egyptian cotton sheets.

You may see the pirated versions of these sheets due to extreme popularity in the market. Before buying the sheets, always check for its authenticity first.

Things to Check Before You Buy New AC in India 2019?

Are you going to buy new air conditioner for you home? Well, before you buy new ac, you must look at certain things. Here we are listing some tips and list of things to check before buying new air conditioning. In 2017, we had many new air conditions introduced, but in 2019, the market seems cold this time.

The summer is already here, in the begging of March month we are recording 38 degree plus of temperature in many of the cities of India. The only way you can get rid of the high temperature is to go with air conditioning. Earlier, we had two options to go with, windows AC and split AC.  But now the windows ACs are gone, we now only have split AC which is good for home use.

So, before you buy new split ac for home use in 2018, here is list of things you need to check before you buy one.

Capacity of AC

Before you buy new AC, you need to be sure about the capacity you required for your bed room. Yes, the ton capacity of your AC decided based on your room size. For example, according to this guide, if your bed room is sized at 10 X 10, you need 1 ton of AC. If you have bigger room than 10 X 10, you need to go for higher capacity of AC.


You need to be sure which brand of AC you want. Though, all AC are working perfect but brand is important for the one who requires good after sales service. Some of the brands we recommend are blue star, LG, Samsung, Lloyd are best brands for AC in India (meaning they provide better service after sales in all cities of India).


Another most important thing to look while you buying new AC are features. You need to check the features of new AC and if possible do compare them. Turbo function helps you to get instant fast cooling, auto cleaning features helps you to clean your AC automatically, and you don’t need to do anything. Auto climate function helps to adjust the temperature as per the atmosphere; you don’t need to adjust the temperature again and again.

Likewise, there are many more features you need to check before you buy new ac for your home.

BEE Ratings

BEE Ratings is the new thing which is introduced few years back. This BEE rating cum star ratings provide electricity consumption of you appliance. if it consume less energy it will have 5 star ratings, and if it consume more energy, it will have lesser ratings.

Price of AC

Though, ACs are costlier than Air cooler and ceiling fans, but you can still get good air conditioner in price range of 25000 to 30000 in India. The higher the capacity of AC, costlier the price.

These are the things you need to check while buying new air conditions. We have listed all the important topics which you need to look after, don’t miss any point and make sure you get perfect AC to beat heat in this summer.